Petroleum Hydrocarbons Pollution o n the Sudanese Red Sea Coastal Water

masoud gamiel, bashir Elhassan, maysara eissa

Abstract


The aim of this paper is to determine the extent of petroleum hydrocarbons
pollution on the Sudanese Red Sea coast (Portsudan harbor and Bashayer Marine Terminal
(BMT)), to achieve this goal laboratory work was conducted to determine hydrocarbons
concentration. The highest concentration of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in seawater
was found at strip I (dockyard) with the average of 80.2 mg/l, the next to the highest
concentration was generally occurred at strip IV (BMT), the ranges of concentrations were
between 5.8 and 24.2 mg/l with mean value of 14.98 mg/l. Values of oil concentration at strip II
(South port) are much lower than those of strip I (6.8 to 10 mg/l). Higher concentrations, ranging
from nil to1320 mg/kg were detected in the sediment samples. It can be concluded on this basis
that most of the Portsudan harbor and BMT suffers from oil pollution in different degrees
according to UNEP and AIDMO. No oil contamination was observed at strip III (North port).
The GC measurements proved those hydrocarbons contaminations were due to biologic and
petrogenic origins, most oil samples light and middle fractions.

Keywords


Red Sea, Portsudan harbor and Bashayer, Hydrocarbons Pollution, Cavitation, biologic and petrogenic origin.

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